Research Done by Pankaj

Consulting Assignments Completed since 2014

 

1. Ongoing Assignments

 

Work/Assignment/Contract name Organisation Duration Country
1. Monitoring Support to UN Resident Coordinator’s Office on DFID-supported Project on Localising SDGs for India for developing Value for Money Indicators and Results-oriented Annual Report UN RC Office, India Jan to Feb 2018 India
2. Develop SDG monitoring tool for three Gram Panchayats in Uddyam – Talasari Integrated Skills Development Project for reporting on the SDG UNDP, India Oct to Jan 2018 India
3.  Facilitating Integrated Livelihood Support Programme and World Bank-funded Watershed Management Directorate, Uttaranchal in producing Knowledge products emerging from training on Systematic Knowledge Capturing and Management Methods. ILSP, India Jan to Feb 2018 India
4. Capacity Building and Knowledge Product production for IFAD, World Bank and AIPP partners in Experience Capitalization, a Knowledge Management Methodology. Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation, Amsterdam Aug 2017 to Jan 2018 South East Asia

 

  1. Completed Assignments 
Title of Assignment Organisation Duration Country
1.  Capacity Building of staff of IFAD-funded Integrated Livelihood Support Programme, Uttaranchal and World Bank-funded Watershed Management Directorate, Uttaranchal on Systematic Knowledge Capturing and Management Methods. ILSP, India Nov 2017 India
2. Development of three proposals for EU Call, EIDHR Call and UN Trust Fund for programme on eliminating Violence Against Women with disabilities in multiple states in India SMRC Sep to Nov 2017 India
3. Country analysis of global and national donors supporting Indigenous Peoples and their movements in India IWGIA, Copenhagen 3 days: Aug-Sep 2017 India
4. Developing online Monitoring Evaluation Systems for AIPP’s Strategic Plan and Programmes AIPP, Chiangmai 20 days over June 2017 to Dec 2017 Asia
5. Developing online Monitoring and Evaluation Systems for UN Women UN Women, India 60 days – Jan to Aug 2017 India
6. Analysis of State level data systems to strengthen SDG reporting in India UN in India 10 days: Jul to Sep 2017 India
7. End-project research into impacts of CBED entrepreneurship training in Oxfam’s and Plan International’s projects in Cambodia  ILO Regional Office, Bangkok Nov 2016-Feb 2017 Cambodia
8. Mid-term Evaluation of project by World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF-India) – “WWF-India Strategy & Organizational Planning WWF India Sep-Nov 2016 India
9. Support Strategic Planning process for Asia Indigenous People’s Pact AIPP Aug-Dec 2016 Asia
10. Final Evaluation of AIPP’s performance in Strategic Plan in 14 Asian countries AIPP Jul-Sep 2016 Asia
11. Capacity Building of UN Women Staff and partners in developing Advocacy, Monitoring and Evaluation strategies and tools for a Royal Norwegian Embassy funded program – “Gender-responsive Governance in India and Bhutan”. UN Women Jul-Sep 2016 India
12. Part of proposal development team for Oxfam’s response to European Commission’s call for 2nd phase of Justice Sector Reforms in Vietnam. Oxfam Vietnam Jul-Sep 2016 Vietnam
13. Support Oxfam Hong Kong to conduct a training of staff working in mainland China, Hong Kong and other to plan and track the success of their advocacy efforts. Oxfam Hong Kong Apr 2016 China
14. Support Oxfam multi-country program – “I am One, I am Many:  Combating discrimination on the basis of religious identities and beliefs” to develop MEL tools Oxfam Asia Mar 2016 Asia
15. Facilitated participatory process for Oxfam & partners to prepare Country Strategy for Thailand. Designed MEAL framework for Impact from 2015-2020. Oxfam Thailand Mar 2016 Thailand
16. Facilitate a proposal development workshop for Oxfam in Cambodia on Land Rights and Gender based Violence Oxfam Cambodia Mar 2016 Cambodia
17. Develop the global MEAL framework for Oxfam’s multi-country Tax Justice Program in Vietnam and Kenya Oxfam Vietnam, Oxfam Kenya Feb 2016 Vietnam

Kenya

18. Support AIPP in setting up a MEAL systems to monitor Regional Outcomes AIPP Feb 2016 Asia
19. Write Program Implementation Plan for EU Funded multi-country program titled “I am One, I am Many:  Combating discrimination on basis of religious identities & beliefs” Oxfam Asia Feb 2016 Asia
20. Design & roll out an Android based MIS for Udyogini, India’s Youth Entrepreneurship program in Uttarakhand Himalayas Udyogini, India Jan 2016 India
21. Develop the MEAL framework for the Oxfam Country Strategy in Myanmar Oxfam Myanmar Jan 2016 Myanmar
22. Train Oxfam Vietnam Staff in CAMSA (Oxfam’s Global MEAL Approach) Oxfam Vietnam Dec 2015 Vietnam
23. Design & facilitate workshops to design MEL Framework for Oxfam’s multi-country Tax Justice Program in Vietnam and Kenya Oxfam Vietnam, Oxfam Kenya Nov 2015 Vietnam

Kenya

24. Design & facilitate Regional End-program Learning event for EU funded Food Security Program for Oxfam country teams in Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, Asia region Oxfam Asia Dec 2015 Asia
25. Developed proposal for “Right to Food” program Oxfam Myanmar Nov 2015 Myanmar
26. Strengthen MEAL systems and capacities, Asia Indigenous People’s Pact, Thailand AIPP Oct 2015 Thailand
27. Evaluation: ICT for MEAL to capture women’s empowerment, Oxfam Bangladesh Oxfam Bangladesh Sep 2015 Bangladesh
28. Co-Facilitate Workshop on developing regional Proposal for GROW campaign in five countries of Asia for GROW, Oxfam Asia Oxfam Asia Jul 2015 Asia
29. Support Seven Countries in Asia on MEAL & Fund Raising, Oxfam Asia, Bangkok Oxfam Asia May 2015 – Feb 2017 Asia
30. Mobile based Baseline Survey, Savings for Change program, Oxfam Cambodia Oxfam Cambodia Jun 2015 Cambodia
31. Tablet-based Weekly Violence Monitoring System, Oxfam America, El Salvador UNICEF and Oxfam, El Salvador Apr 2015 El Salvador
32. Develop MEAL Framework, GRAISEA Regional Program – Oxfam Asia, Bangkok Oxfam Asia Jan 2015 Asia
33. “Priorities for Research in Agriculture-Food Security in Myanmar”, IDRC, Delhi IDRC New Delhi Nov 2014 Myanmar
34. Design Strategy in Women’s Entrepreneurship in 5 states of India- Udyogini, Delhi Udyogini, India From Sep 2014 India
35. Evaluation: Response to Floods in Uttarakhand Himalayas, Intel – Udyogini, Delhi Udyogini, India Dec 2014 India
36. Evaluation: Oxfam Indonesia’s Economic Justice Program Oxfam Indonesia Jul-Aug 2014 Indonesia

 

1. Knowledge Management in Water & Environment 2. Program M & E 3. Evaluation Reports
4. Natural Resource Management 5. Livelihoods 6. Natural Resources Policy
7.  Gender-Based Violence 8. Renewable Energy & Rural Technology 9. Others

1. Knowledge Management on Water

  • 44 Knowledge Products on Water Policy, Water Resources, Drinking Water, Sanitation. Jun 06-Sep 07. Scroll down below for the full list and the products. Published by Solution Exchange.http://www.solutionexchange-un.net.in/.

2. Program M & E

  • Problems in setting up & implementing M & E systems in IFAD projects with M & E Officers of Asian IFAD projects. (Unpublished), 2006. http://bit.ly/SAnVGV
  • Methodology for Identification of poorest communities-IFAD-ULIPH Project, Uttaranchal. (Unpublished), 2005.

3. Evaluation Reports

  • Project on Reviving and Constructing Small Water Harvesting Systems in Rajasthan, Sida, March 2003.http://bit.ly/1jMuZue
  • Evaluation of project on Water Harvesting by Tarun Bharat Sangh, Alwar, Rajasthan, Unpublished, 1998.
  • Participatory Evaluation of Water and Environmental Sanitation Program of UNICEF in 4 states (M.P., U.P., Rajasthan, Orissa) , Unpublished, 2004
  • Evaluation of CHIRAG’s Silage program, 1994.

4. Natural Resource Management

  • Village Level Institutions & Common Property Resources, presented at the International Forestry Convention, Chiangmai, Thailand in 1991. Published by FAO, Bangkok.
  • Microplanning for World Bank funded Ecodevelopment Project, Great Himalayan National Park, Kullu, H.P., to develop sustainable Ecodevelopment program, (Unpublished), 1995.
  • Forestpeople linkages in Kullu and Mandi Forest Circles, Pre-feasibility- JFM program, ODA, (Unpublished), 1994‑95.
  • Watershed development in U.P. Himalayasan overview, with B.M.Kandpal,1996, IGSSS, New Delhi.
  • Sustainable Forest Management in Uttaranchal, presented in Seminar on Sustainable Forest Management in Uttaranchal, February 2000, SPWD, New Delhi.
  • Occurrence, extraction, trade of Medicinal Plants and status of Traditional Systems of Medicine in Himachal Pradesh, with ERA, H.P. (for IDRC, Canada), (Unpublished), 1996‑97.
  • A Collection of Case Studies from 32 village reports, from ForestPeople linkages in Kullu, Mandi districts of H.P. covering wide range of issues and case studies in natural resource management, (Unpublished), 1994-95

5. Livelihoods

  • Livelihood Strategies in Pinder Valley of Garhwal Himalayas, 2002, SPWD, New Delhi.
  • Udna hamen hai Neele Aasman par, fiction film on SHG and radio spots, ULIPH, Dehradun.
  • Trends in Livelihood Strategies in Kumaon , FAO, Bangkok, 1993. http://bit.ly/1nnwgLW

6. Natural Resources and Development Policy

  • Master’s Thesis – Constraints and Opportunities of Software Industry in Uttaranchal. http://bit.ly/1pp11x0
  • Directions for Natural Resource Management Policy For Uttaranchal, Workshop on NRM Policy for 3 Newly Carved States- Uttaranchal, Jharkhand & Chhattisgarh, 2001, SPWD, New Delhi. http://bit.ly/1r6mzDa
  • Sustainable Forest Management in Uttaranchal, Seminar on Sustainable Forest Management, SPWD, 2000.

7. Women’s Equality and Gender Based Violence

  • Mentored Aarushi Sinha, Intern, National University Singapore for thesis titled Methodological & structural constraints in enhancing data systems to end Domestic Violence (Unpublished). http://bit.ly/1nneiZV
  • Analysis of constraints preventing women from participating in Local Governments in South Asia for UN Women (Unpublished). http://bit.ly/1nnerwD

8. Renewable Energy and Rural Technology

  • Natural resources management in Uttaranchal-Can Microhydels provide a solution?, Wastelands News, 1998.
  • User Manuals on Mountain Technologies, published by World Bank’s UT DASP :

a. Implementing community-owned Microhydels.

b. Regenerating springs in Western Himalayas.

c. Fodder conservation & promotion techniques.

d. Low cost water tanks, polyhouses, compost pits.

  • Low cost Ropeway Trolleys in Kullu, 2002, SPWD, New Delhi.
  • Development of Micro Hydro Power in Uttaranchal – as if people mattered, (Unpublished), 1998.

9. Others

  • Himalayan Efforts, Wastelands News, Apr-Jul, 1999.
  • Village Level InstitutionsSome Issues, Wastelands News, SPWD, 1992.
  • Impact Study: Landslides in Ramgarh & Dhari Blocks, Nainital District , Unpublished, 1993.http://bit.ly/1h2Peou
  • Reportage on Uttaranchal Agitation, Unpublished, 1994.
  • Reportage – Role of NGOs in Earthquake relief in Uttarkashi, after Oct 1991 Garhwal earthquake, Unpublished.

Full List of Solution Exchange Knowledge products by Pankaj Shrivastav

 

A. Clean Technologies

A.1. Low-cost technology for treating sullage in special soils, from Vijaya Saradhi Atluri, Byrraju Foundation, Hyderabad. Issued 27 June 2006.

Provides technological options to treat sullage for rural communities & specifically for black cotton soil. highlighting contextual specifications when selecting an appropriate sullage treatment design

A.2. Comparative Analysis of Biogas Digester Models,from Sheldon Mendon, WOTR, Ahmednagar. Issued 18 July 2006

Provides experiences in working with different biogas models, criteria for evaluating models and dos and don’ts while implementing biogas programs

A.3. Details of Biofuel Operations, from Ravi Prasad Garimella,  BalajiIndustrial & Agricultural Castings, Hyderabad. Issued 16 November 2006. Cross Posted with Food and Nutrition Security Community.

Discusses alternate energy options through large-scale bio fuel production in India, covering biofuel sources, jatropha and other alternatives, bio fuel programmes, policies and economic instruments

A.4. Watermill Based Energy for Enterprise Development, from B. M. Kandpal, SIMAR, Uttaranchal. Issued 30 December 2006

Provides experiences in upgrading watermills for power generation and setting up village enterprises, suggests enterprises to be taken up and possible funding sources for such projects

A.5.Biofuel Plantation through Community GroupsFrom Rishu Garg, Association for Rural Advancement through Voluntary Action and Local Involvement (ARAVALI), Jaipur

Cross posted with Food and Nutrition Security Community. Issued 27 August 2007

Recommends plant species for biofuel plantations, raises key issues and suggests strategies to address concerns pertaining to biofuel promotion in India

A.6.Use of Human Excreta for Agriculture  From Nivedita Varshneya, German Agro Action/Deutsche Welthungerhilfe(DWHH/GAA), New Delhi. Cross-posted with Food and Nutrition Security Community. Issued 30 September 2007.

Outlines ongoing practices and emerging technologies using human excreta for agriculture, outlines risks and precautions in handling such waste and suggests mechanisms for its use

B. Water Supply and Sanitation

B.1. Sanitation Programme for AnganwadiCentres, Meeta Jaruhar, from Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation, Jharkhand .Issued 21 September 2006

Provides inputs for designing child friendly toilets for Anganwadi Centres (AWCs), experiences in evolving toilet designs, plan parameters and some designs developed in other parts of the country.

B.2. Conservancy Staff and Municipal Sanitation, from AparnaDas, UNDP, New Delhi. Cross-posted with Decentralization Community. Issued 14 February 2007.

Discusses issues of socio-economic and health status of conservancy workers, provides suggestions for integrating their concerns into national policies and also analyses revenue models of waste collection

B.3. Handbook on Innovations in Watsan, from Chicu Lokgariwar, Gomukh Environmental Trust .Issued 28 February 2007.

Highlights a range of personal and organizational experiences and technologies for the handbook categorised as technologies, institutional and economic innovations

B.4. Role of Children in Spreading Water and Sanitation Awareness, from Gyanendra Mishra, UDAAN, Aligarh .Cross Posted with Education Community. Issued 14 May 2007

Provides experiences from across the country as well as tools and techniques in involving children in spreading water and sanitation (watsan) awareness

B.5. Making Rural Sanitary Marts viable and more effectiveFrom Ajit Saxena, UNDP, New Delhi. Issued 26 May 2007

Discussion brought out learnings in setting up and running RSMsfrom different parts of the country and gave suggestions to improve functioning and sustainability of these systems

B.6. Best Practices in Effective Sewage DisposalFrom Aniruddhe Mukerjee, Government of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal. Issued on 13 June 2007.

Outlines various technical options and good practices from different parts of India and gives suggestions for designing institutional interventions for effective sewage management

B.7.Role of Improved Sanitation in Economic GrowthFrom Priyam Das, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA)/WaterAid, California, USA. Issued on 29 June 2007

Experiences demonstrating economic benefits of investments in sanitation services, by creating livelihood opportunities/positive health outcomes, and suggests ways of sustaining investments

B.8.Management of Water and Sanitation during DisastersFrom V.R.Raghavan, Oxfam GB, Kolkata. Cross Posted with DRM Community. Issued on 13 June 2007.

Explores solutions and experiences to sustain and manage water sources, mechanisms for excreta disposal, the issue of WATSAN and public health and hygiene during disasters.

B.9. Nirmal Gram PuraskarFrom Indira Khurana, WaterAid India, New Delhi

Issued on 30 June 2007. Cross-posted with Decentralization Community.

Shares experiences of members with regard to the NGP, analyzing triggers and barriers in accomplishing results and provides myriad suggestions to enhance the process

B.10.Ecological SanitationFrom S. Janakarajan, Madras Institute of Development Studies (MIDS), Chennai.Issued 30 June 2007

Details members’ experiences in promotion of ecosanacross India, sharing their understanding, analysis of current problems and suggestions for scaling up the same

B.11.Studies and Indicators on Health Impact of Improved SanitationFrom Benny George, Department of Drinking Water Supply, Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India, New Delhi. Issued 31 August 2007

Outlines the approach for impacting health outcomes through improved sanitation, suggests indicators for the same, and provides diverse studies on the issue

B.12.WatSan Services for PLHIVFrom Brijmohan Kandpal, SIMAR, Uttaranchal

Cross-posted with AIDS Community. Issued 17 September 2007

Shares experiences and provides suggestions, case studies and references from members  related to the importance and design of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene services for PLHIV

C. Water Quality

C.1. Community-Based Water Quality Monitoring and Surveillance, from Ross Nickson, UNICEF, Kolkata .Issued 12 October 2006

Presents examples and learnings from initiatives in water quality monitoring (WQM) from across the country on whether community based WQM can improve drinking water quality via community action

C.2. Removing Fluoride Contamination, from SPWD, Udaipur. Issued 13 December 2006

Discusses treatment techniques for fluoride-contaminated water citing members’ experiences in resolving the fluoride contamination issue in other parts of India.

C.3.Resources on Management of Risks in Water QualityFrom Nick Pilgrim, Water and Sanitation Program – South Asia (WSP-SA), New Delhi. Issued 30 June 2007

Experiences and technologies developed from India and Pakistan, highlighting the need to address some basic issues while designing focused water quality interventions in the region

C.4.Pipeline Damage and Chlorine Spillage- Assessment and Handling  From Swati Mitra, GOI- UNDP’ Disaster Risk Management Programme, National Institute of Disaster Management, New Delhi. Cross-posted with DRM Community. Issued 28 September 2007

Suggestions for detecting leaks post-disaster and designing responses to chlorine spillages in water treatment facilities, and discusses technologies for assessing damage to water pipelines

D. Water Resource Management

D.1. Roof water harvesting in urban areas for groundwater recharge, from Mihir Maitra, ICEF, New Delhi.Issued 22 August 2006.

Discusses the challenges, and available mechanisms/systems through various experiences of RRWH

D.2. Water Budgeting by Communities, from Ravi Niwash, UNV, Jharkhand . Issued 7 November 2006

Presents members’ advice on the process that could prepare communities to take up water budgeting for better management of water resources, covering issues, suggestions and experiences

D.3.Impact of Mining on Water Availability and QualityFrom Pramel Gupta, Bhopal Rehabilitation, Bhopal.Issued 2 August 2007

Insights on adverse effects of mining on water availability and quality from across states and explains contextual complexities and the measures that could be adopted to address the issue

D.4.Design of Training for Women on Creating Water NetworksFrom Ahmed Fahmi, UNESCO, New Delhi.Issued 7 August 2007

Suggestions on approach for designing course content and methodology of training, emphasizing its importance and highlights participatory, experiential learning methodologies for women

E. Water for Food Production

E.1. Gender Equity in Participatory Irrigation Management, from M.S. Prakash, DHV-MDP, New Delhi. Cross-posted with Gender Community. Issued 28 July 2006.

Deliberates on legal, political, socio-cultural& capacity building constraints preventing women from being members of Water Users’ Associations (WUAs), exercising voting rights & contesting elections

E.2. Regenerating Traditional Irrigation Systems, from Sarbeswara Sahoo, Kalpataru, Orissa. Issued 22 December 2006

Analyses the nuances involved in the relevance and regeneration of traditional irrigation systems, and the strengths and weaknesses of traditional irrigation systems vis-à-vis modern irrigation systems

E.3. Impact of Industrial Pollution of Ground Water on Agriculture, from Saugat Ganguly, Gamana, Hyderabad.Cross-posted with Food & Nutrition Security Community.Issued on 23 April 2004.

Experiences of environmental and social impacts of industrial effluents on groundwater and agricultural production is discussed with technical, legal and social mitigation measures

E.4. Setting Norms for and Treating Polluted Irrigation Water, from AbhayKumar, Toxics Link, New Delhi (Experiences; Advice). Cross-posted with Food & Nutrition Security Community. Issued 29 March 2007.

Discusses various treatment techniques and suggests possible institutional and other interventions to address the problem of setting norms for and treating polluted irrigation water

F. Water Governance

F.1. The Issue of Convergence in WES Programmes, from Bhawna Vajpai, Water and Sanitation Consultant, New Delhi. Issued 28 June 2006.

Identifies major barriers to convergence, emphasizing role of communities and their institutions in operationalizing it at grassroots, providing experiences and suggestions to ensure better convergence

F.2. Reward mechanisms promoting successful urban WES projects, from Sharadbala Joshi, WEDC, UK. Issued 5 July 2006.

Discusses how reward mechanisms in urban areas could help promotion and dissemination of good experiences; also deliberates on the social acceptability of awards in this context.

F.3. UN interventions in the WES Sector, from Preeti Soni, UNDP, New Delhi (Advice). Issued 24 July 2006

Compiles advice from the community on strategic appropriateness of key focus areas of the proposed programmes in water resource management and environmental sanitation pertaining to the UNDAF

F.4. For Comments on Rajasthan Draft Water Policy, from Prema Gera, UNDP, New Delhi. Issued 31 August 2006.

Provides comments on Draft Water Policy, identifies gaps, reflects on problems, and represents views and aspirations of all water users drawing from members experiences

F.5. Improving water and sanitation governance by PRIs, from V. Kurian Baby, SEUF, Kerala . Issued 8 September 2006.Cross-posted with Decentralization Community.

Presents examples of Panchayat-basedwatsan schemes, factors preventing PRIs effective watsangovernance, and also identifies capacity-building topics for PRIs

F.6.Relevance of Public Interest Litigations for Conflict Resolution in Water Sector, from Arati Davis, Svaraj, Bangalore. Issued 14 September 2006

Provides examples of PILs which have resulted in tangible benefits; experiences on the use of PIL for resolving water related conflicts and key learnings that have emerged.

F.7. Mechanisms for Protection of Local Community’s Intellectual Property Rights, from Ruchi Pant, UNDP, New Delhi. Cross posted with Food and Nutrition Security Community. Issued 12 January 2007.

Cites experiences in setting up models to protect the Intellectual Property Rights and facilitate benefit –sharing arrangements of communities over their traditional knowledge.

F.8. Draft Report of the SubGroup IV on NRM during XI Plan, from N.K. Sanghi, Planning Commission, New Delhi. Issued 31 January 2007

Comments on TORs focusing on user rights, economic incentives,& involvement of gram  panchayats, suggesting programs coverage & fund requirements for NRM under XI Plan

F.9. Status of Environment Education in the School Curriculum, from LivleenKahlon, TERI, New Delhi. Cross-posted with Education Community. Issued 28 February 2007.

Provides experiences, difficulties encountered when integrating EE as a subject, and offers suggestions to make EE a more joyful, inclusive and meaningful learning experience for children

F.10. Best Practices on Water Demand Management in Cities, from AniruddheMukherjee, United Nations Human Settlements Programme, Bhopal. Issued 29 March 2007.

Gives members’ inputs members to design and implement water demand management interventions, providing general principles, aspects outlining technical, economic and institutional issues of the same.

F.11. Waste Management at Tourism Sites, from R. K. Anil, Endogenous Tourism, UNDP, New Delhi. Issued 31 March 2007.

Provides experiences in designing, and implementing waste management programmes in tourism sites, also providing broad application strategies based on the experience of several successful case studies.

F.12. Role of Panchayats in De-Fluoridation of Drinking Water, from Venkatrao Ghorpade, SHIRDI Foundation, Bangalore. Issued 17 April 2007. Cross-posted with Decentralization Community.

Contains experiences to develop models where Panchayats could deliver fluoride-free water to its constituents, also suggesting various technical and institutional mitigation mechanisms to tackle the issue.

F.13. Films on Water Related Issues, from Nitya Jacob, Writeshop InfotechPrivate Limited, New Delhi. Issued 18 April 2007.

Recommends national and international films on a range of themes for  developing a compendium of films to spread awareness on water related issues and increase water literacy among various stakeholders

F.14.Revolving Fund for Household WatSan FacilitiesFrom Kulwant Singh, UN-HABITAT, New Delhi

Cross-posted with Microfinance Community. Issued 27 September 2007

Experiences and examples of models from different states in financing small household level water and sanitation facilities through revolving funds, along with design element suggestions

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